In primitive dwellings, fire was the central element and organizer of space. If we analyze the time we spend at home one of the rooms in the house, we will realize that most of it is dedicated to the kitchen.
Design is increasingly interested in equipping kitchens with elements of great functionality and making them a spacious and bright, although we often worry more about the decorative aspects than for the functional ones.
The design of a kitchen requires a strict process of analysis to determine the use to give this space. We have to decide if we want to enlarge the kitchen to create within this a space where to place a table and chairs for daily use or if we prefer a kitchen of smaller dimensions and a separate dining room. We must also be clear about what appliances we will use in the kitchen, if we have a washing machine or if we prefer to create a room or gallery to dedicate it to washing clothes, even in large homes we should consider creating a room dedicated to washing, drying, ironing and sewing. The proximity of this space to the kitchen will facilitate the domestic tasks.
We will follow a plan to design the kitchen that best suits our needs. The basic props of a kitchen are safety, efficiency and economy of movement. When we have determined the space we have, we will define the working triangle, formed by the storage, preparation and cooking zones. This triangle gives rise to the L or U shapes, which are usually characteristic of kitchens. The sides of the triangle must have a dimension not less than 3.50 meters and not higher than 6.50 meters. There should be no furniture or door in the path formed by the ends of the triangle. Neither will we place the preparation area, the sink, and the cooking area in a sometimes dangerous way. We must also take care of the placement of household appliances, especially the refrigerator or refrigerator, which has to be away from any source of heat.
The modern kitchen uses multiple small appliances, so we will think about them when we plan the lighting and we will be generous in the placement of switches. The brightness of the workspaces in the kitchen is very important. Each concrete zone will have its own light source and a switch, so that we can use them independently. The kitchens open to the rest of the house are used more and more. Both in these and in the closed we must take care of the ventilation, which has to allow to evacuate easily the fumes produced by the cooking, at the same time it is highly advisable to have a window that allows us to have a direct ventilation to the outside.
The kitchen is not based only on practical aspects. As in the rest of the house, we must give it its own atmosphere and style, and both the furniture and the kitchen utensils can help us achieve it. The work areas must be clean and empty to facilitate the tasks that are practiced in them, but it is also advisable to create an exhibition area to display special dishes or some glass jars that at the same time allow us to store pasta and other foods, giving the kitchen an aesthetic interest that escapes the rigid functionality that dominates this space.
In conclusion, you should:
- Design the kitchen according to safety, efficiency and economy of movement.
- Provide this space with sufficient lighting, and numerous switches and plugs to work comfortably.
- Take advantage of pots, pans, pots and other kitchen utensils to give warmth to this space and create your own style.
You should never:
- Locate the appliances near the heat sources.
- Place furniture or doors between storage, preparation and cooking areas.
- Worry more about the decorative aspects of the kitchen than the functional ones.
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